The JIP recognises that research intended to reveal the effects of Exploration and Production (E & P) sound on marine animals may require acoustic exposure of animals that disrupts behaviour, or causes discomfort, pain or (rarely) death. The JIP’s policies with regard to these procedures are stated below. They are intentionally more restrictive regarding death of injury of test subjects than the policies maintained by government laboratories or universities that conduct research related to human health. The JIP is concerned about animal conservation for which it believes animal death or serious injury are not warranted. However, for policies on narrowly-defined procedures, such as drawing blood or attaching instruments, the JIP defers to government and university Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs), best practices of the scientific community, and to corporate guidelines on these subjects.
See for example, U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals used in Testing, Research, and Training; The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (UK); and EU Directive 86/609/EEC on the Protection of Animals used in Experiments and other Scientific procedures.