Behavioural Reactions And Biological Significant Effects

The JIP also aims to understand the non-physical effects of E&P sound on animal behaviour over the course of their lives.

The potential behavioural impacts of sound are far more complex and difficult to study than physical effects. Often context is more important than the sound itself; for example animals will respond differently if they are feeding, hunting or looking for a mate. The JIP has invested significant resources to understand behavioural influences and the linkages between these effects and overall population levels.


  • Behavioural Responses Of Australian Humpback Whales To Seismic Surveys (BRAHSS)

    Large whales call and hear at the low frequencies produced by airguns. They may be more susceptible to the sound of E & P operations than other marine mammal groups.

  • Workshops On Behavioural Responses Of Fish To Seismic Airguns

    The effect of airguns on fish is a contentious issue between the oil and gas and commercial fishing industries. Past studies on this topic produced inconsistent results because fish species are numerous and highly variable, and because no easy method exists for measuring the behaviour of wild, unrestrained fish.

  • Alerting Responses Of Marine Mammals

    Regulators often prohibit airgun startup when marine mammal observers cannot see if airgun safety zones are clear of marine mammals. Such delays in startup increase the cost and decrease the efficiency of offshore seismic operations.

  • Projects Related To The Population Consequences Of Acoustic Disturbance (PCAD) Model.

    The U.S. National Research Council’s PCAD model (Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance)1 defines “biologically significant” effects of sound exposure as those that can cause changes in population levels. Since 2005, this model has held the promise of becoming a practical management tool if it could be given predictive capabilities.

  • Cetacean Stock Assessment In Relation To Exploration And Production Industry Sound

    Four projects were commissioned to analyse trends in various cetacean stocks that occur in marine areas of past industry operations, and to demonstrate whether industry operations could have caused any biologically significant effects to populations there

  • Application Of Risk Assessment

    Most E&P companies use a risk matrix approach to assess environmental risk of offshore operations. This study was funded to develop a method of using existing data and databases to develop sound-related environmental risk assessments for offshore operations.


  • Innovation

    The Marine & Sound JIP has funded research into technologies and methods that influence the way the industry operates, such PAMGuard, PCAD, Tags, DECAF, BRAHSS and Tags

  • Research Categories

    The JIP has funded one of the most extensive industry research programmes in this field. It is divided into five categories which are complementary and designed to allow the JIP to fully understand the issue and potential impacts associated with underwater sound from E&P activities.

  • Development Of Transfer Functions For The Population Consequences Of Acoustic Disturbance Model (PCAD)

    The Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance Model (PCAD) was developed with the US National Academies of Sciences National Resource Council to evaluate change in marine life behaviour